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Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), also known as an enlarged prostate, is a common experience for men as they age. The prostate gland is located underneath the bladder and can put pressure on the bladder and urethra when it gets larger. It is important to know that having an enlarged prostate is not cancer, nor does it increase your risk for cancer. However, it can cause serious problems if left untreated. Dr. Zhang of Fibroids MD can help.

Symptoms of an Enlarged Prostate

Common symptoms of BPH include the need to urinate urgently or often. If you find that you urinate more than eight times per day or wake up in the night to go, it may be due to an enlarged prostate. Other symptoms include:

  • Difficulty starting or maintaining urination
  • Difficulty emptying your bladder
  • Unusual color or smell when urinating
  • Pain when urinating or during ejaculation

If not treated, more severe symptoms may arise that require more immediate treatment:

  • Urinary tract infections
  • Bladder stones
  • Bladder and kidney damage

Causes of BPH

There are many causes of an enlarged prostate. Common risk factors are age, family history and ethnicity. Men over the age of 60 who have close family relatives who also experienced benign prostatic hyperplasia are at higher risk of developing BPH themselves. Possible causes of an enlarged prostate include:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Diabetes
  • Cardiovascular health
  • Weight
  • Prostate cancer

Treatment Options

Proper treatment for an enlarged prostate depends largely on the severity of the condition as well as your age and health. Changing your diet and taking certain medications can help reduce the size of the prostate. However, when that is not enough, a procedure such as embolization, transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT) or laser therapy may be necessary.

If you are experiencing symptoms that may be caused by an enlarged prostate, it is important to discuss them with a doctor who can determine the severity of the condition and create an appropriate treatment plan. Call our office at (212) 254-0149 or contact us online today to schedule your appointment.